1956 – 1960

Oberlin College, Oberlin, Ohio, B.A. (political science and biology)

1960 – 1966

Stanford University, School of Medicine, M.D.


U.S. Public Health Service supported research project: "Corticosteroid Metabolism and the Onset of Diurnal Variation in Premature Infants".


Field Research Worker with clinical responsibilities, medical anthropological collaborative study of hypertension among the Tzeltal Indians of Chiapas Mexico.


1966 – 1967

Straight Paediatric Intern, Bronx Municipal Hospital Center (Albert Einstein)

1967 – 1968

Senior Resident in Paediatrics, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec

1968 (6 mo)

Chief Resident in Neonatology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec

1968(6 mo)

Department of Biochemical Genetics (Fellow), Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec

1969 – 1970

Chief Medical Resident, Montreal Children's Hospital, Montreal, Quebec

1970 ‑ 1971

Instructor and Fellow in Ambulatory/Community Paediatrics, Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York
Team Paediatrician, Rochester Neighbourhood Health Center


·Diplomate, National Board of Medical Examiners. July 1, 1967.

·New York State Licence, 1967 – present.

·California State Licence, 1967 – present.

·Corporation Professionnelle des Medecins du Quebec (Quebec Medical Board) , 1975 – present.

·Diplomate, Certified Specialist of American Board of Paediatrics, 1971.

·Fellow American Academy of Paediatrics, 1972.

·Diplomate, American Board of Family Practice, 1975; Recertified 1982‑1989, 1990 –1997.

·Diplomate, American Board of Paediatrics, Sub-board Neonatal/Perinatal Medicine, 1975.

·Certificant, College of Family Physicians of Canada, 1976; Recertified 1998.

·Licensed, Medical Council of Canada-LMCC, July 11, 1977.

·Fellow, Canadian Paediatric Society, 1978.

·Fellow, Family Medicine, The College of Family Physicians of Canada, May 1988 (honorary title).

·Instructor Neonatal Resuscitation: Method of the American Academy of Paediatrics and American Heart Association, Certified April 1990, recertified February 1995.

·Course in Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics, November 20, 1992.

·Instructor, Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO Instructors Course), San Diego, California, April 24, 1993.

·Licensed, British Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, March 17, 1993.